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Sacred Forests of Khasi Hills

TREES AND PLANTS OF THE SACRED GROVE

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KA KNIA PHODSOHLANG
THE PROHIBITED FOREST OF SWER
THE KHASI SOCIETY
HIMA MAWPHLANG
LAND TENURE SYSTEM
OTHER PROHIBITED FORESTS IN THE HIMA MAWPHLANG
FOLKLORE CONNECTED WITH THE FORESTS
TREES AND PLANTS OF THE SACRED GROVE
SACRED FOREST AND OTHER RESTRICTED FORESTS

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According to the brochure issued by the Forest Department in 1975, there are more than 400 species of trees and other plants that can be identified in the sacred Grove at Mawphlang. Of these, 222 are trees species. I give below about 109 species of trees and plants that can be identified in Khasi :-

Botanical name   Khasi  vernacular  name

1. Anemone rivularis Buch  Bat soh plia.

Ham ex Dc.

2. Clematis grewiseflora Dc. Mei-si-ing, mei-iong

3. Thalictrum foliolosum Dc. Pupum

4. Monglietia eaveame La-iej-kynthei

5. Manglietia insignis Dieng-rhi-basaw or Dieng-rhi-balieh

6. Schizandra propinqua Soh-mijarain

7. Geniothalamus sesquipedalia Soh-um-Synreng, Skum-synsar

8. Cocculus mollis Jyrmi-nailum

9. Holboellia Latifolis Wall Soh-Lyngkait, Mi-Rang K'sa

10. Mohonia Pyonophylla Dieng-phuh-rnong, Dieng-

(fedde) takeda niangmat.

11. Casearia Kurzii Dieng-bai-shynrang

12. Flacourtia jangomas Dieng-soh-mluh

13. Pittosporum pedecarpum Dieng-thyllong, dieng-synsar-Gangep um, Dieng-shiring-   synrang, Dieng - soh- tylluh.

14. Polygala arillate Buch-Ham Diengsoh-tyngka, dieng-ja-kyba

15. Hypericum hockoria-num La-synbeh or Mat-iar-stem.

16. Hypericum patulum La-synrit diengtiew shanam

17. Suarauia Punduana Dieng-ja-la-ngap

18. Camellia caduca brandis Dieng-tyrnem, dieng-jlih-balieh

19. Camellia kissi wall Dieng-tyrmem bhoi

20. Eurya acuminate Dc Dieng-shit, dieng-pyrshit-heh

21. Eurya Japonica thumb Dieng-pyrsit

22. Schima Wallichii Dieng-ngan

23. Urena Iobata L. Soh-byrthit

24. Elaeocarpts Lancifelius Dieng-soh-khyllam

25. Erythroxylum Kunthianum  Dieng-pylleng-tham, Dieng- pain-khar

Kurz

26. Toddalia asuatica Shia-sien-um, sia-soh-sat

27. Zanthodylum evalifoliumwt. Dieng-siniah, tiew-klong

28. Brucea Mollis Dieng-ia-kasein-khlaw(Synt)

29. Schoepfia fragrans Dieng-khao-kharai, Dieng-soh-shlong-khlaw

30. Ilex excelsa wall ex hook f. Dieng-soh-syrtet, diengsoh-tyrlang, dieng lali

31. Tlex venulosa Dieng Shyieng

32. Ilex griffihii Kynja-jakrai

33. Celastrus stylosus wall Mai-jen-dtu

34. Euonymus grandiflorus wall Si-san, soh-iong-trong-kynthei

  Dieng-sit-um

35. Eunymus hamiltonionus wall Diengsot-sat-khlaw, Mamin- reiakhar   

36. Berchomia floribunda(wall)  Tiew-ri-lang-mei-rantom brong

37. Tetrastigma serrulatum Meisoh-mynjirieng

38. Vitas planicualis Soh-lar-pung

39. Sabia purpurea hook  Jermi-neirang, chaii, Dieng-

f & thoms jermei

40. Rhus chinensis Mill  Dieng-soh-ma

Crotalaria Capitate Bench

Crotalaria Occulta benth

41. Eriosema Chinese Doh-pen or Pen

42. Docynia Indica Soh-phoh Khasi

43. Pyrus Naccata Soh-Shur-um

44. Pyrus Khasiana Soh-shur

45. Pyrus Pashia Soh-shur

46. Viburnum footidum wall Diengsoh-lang, Sohlang ksew

47. Hedyotis Scandess Jyrmi-skie

48. Hedyotis Uncinella Shed-rit-arong

49. Luculia Pinceana Soh-khli, Diengtiew-khohir

50. Paederia foetida Mei-in-tung, Meisoh-masew

51. Psychotria adenophylla Dieng-la-tyllong-khlaw

52. Rubia Cordifolia Doh-mi-em

53. Wendlandia Wallichii Diengsai-moit, dieng-ja-saw,

  Dieng-cha-kaba

54. Valeriana Jatamansii Jones Jatung

55. Eupatarium Nodiflorum Kynbat-nongrim

56. Inula Cappa Ding-ia-lia (Synt)

57. Agapetes obovata Soh-pylleng, Diengsoh-pydong   

58. Linonia ovalifolia Dieng-la-samiang, Jara-hap

59. Pentaptorygium Rugosum Soh-pydung-shynrang

60. Rhododendron arboreum Tiewasaw, Dieng-tiew-thuin

61. Rhododendron formoeum Tielalih, dieng-tiewlieh,

  Shillong-phuh miet, Diengsoh- tiw-khlong

 

62. Vaccinium Griffthianum wt. Soh-ryngkham

63. Vaccinium Sprengelii (G.Don) Dieng-joing, Diengsoh-Balak-ryngkham

64. Vaccinium Vaccinia-ceum- Soh-pydung, diengsoh-lardi

(Rexb) Sleum

65. Embelia floribunda wall Ja-buit, jyrmi-jajew

66. Maesa indica wall Diengsoh-jala-tyrkai

67. Symplocos chinensis Dieng-iong, jam-iang, dieng-lang

68. Symplocos theifolis Dieng-pei, diengtiew-diengpei

69. Symplocos Glomerate Kynja-dieng-pei, tiew-dingpei-iong

70. Symplocos Spicata Kynja-dieng-japei, dieng-pei

71. Styrax Serrulatum Diengsoh-papoh-iat, diengsoh-byklong

72. Jasminium Dispernum Mei-tiew-lar-math, Jongdi

73. Ligustrum rebustum Diengsoh-la-poh-jay, Diensoh-siang, Diengsoh-poh-iat

74. Lingustrum ludidum-Aiten Sohpoh-iat, Diengsoh-la-pohiat

75. Meledinus Khasianus Soh-brab-rit

76. Rauvolfia Densiflora Dieng-la-kyrkai, Dieng-ja-soh-kor-blang

77. Cynoglossum furcatum Ja-byrthit

78. Ehretia acuminats Dieng-basier

79. Cuscuta refloxa Jyrmi-uthri, Mei-tu-umar

80. Aeschynathes parasiticus Tiew-ri-sein-rit

81. Callicarpa Osilpcalyx Pylleng-tham, Diengsoh-si-um

82. Clerodendrum Wrillihii Dieng-jul-koh, Mei-soh, randi

  Narran-dieng, Jathang, ka-skei

83. Sarcandra glab ra(thumb)  Tiew-kibakhabor. 'tiew pathai khubor

Nakar

84. Beilschmiedia assamica Dieng-kha-lang

85. Lindera pulcherrims Dieng-tyrthia-shynrang

86. Neolitsea Pallens Dieng-soh-tyrtait

87. Phoebe Lanceolata Dieng-ja-long

88. Belicia nilagirica Diengsoh-tyrtait, Dieng-ling-sim-rit

89. Daphne Bhaluabuch Ka dieng-baiong

90. Wikstroemia canescens Pan-jung-Masi, Ja-tyllu

91. Elacagnus conferta Soh-shang, soh-khlur, Soh-Chang, misoh-sang, dieng-soh- shang

92. Pyrularia edulis Dieng-soh-klong

93. Sarcecocca saligna Tiew-dieng-pah

94. Baliospernum micranthum Thylli-skei

95. Mallotus nepalenses Dieng-la-khar

96. Breynia retuae Soh-mat-iar-shynrang

97. Phyllanthus glaucus wall Dieng-soh-matan

98. Ficus neriifolia Dieng-syrmei-blang

99. Morus indica Soh-lyng-dykhur

100.  Bochmeria platyphylla Labit-iong

101. Engelhardia spicata Dieng-lyba

102. Myrica esculents Buch-Ham Soh-phi

103. Castanopsis Kurzii Dieng-rit, dieng-patlus,dieng-sning-rit

104. Lithocarpus dealbatus Dieng-sai

105. Qurscus grifflthii Diengwah

106. Quercus kamroopii Dieng-kingim

107. Salix-psilostigma Dieng-jia-mynrai

108. Pinus Kesiya Dieng-kseh

 

The following species as obtained from the Lyngdoh, and the Myntris of Hima Mawphlang in a joint discussion on 17th June, 2001.

 

1. Sohkymphor Khasi - Carica Papaya

2. Sohkhyllaw      "

3. Soh khyllung    " - Pyrus granulata

4. Sohphoh Khasi  "

5. Sohphoh eit-jir

6. Soh brap khlaw

7. Soh-eit mut - Cactus veskata

8. Diengstap

9. Sohphie-lia - Myrica orange 

10. Sohphie nam

11. Soh-pa-it

12. Sohshan                               -  Straw berry-gragaris vesca. 

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