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Sacred Forests of Khasi Hills

HIMA MAWPHLANG

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KA KNIA PHODSOHLANG
THE PROHIBITED FOREST OF SWER
THE KHASI SOCIETY
HIMA MAWPHLANG
LAND TENURE SYSTEM
OTHER PROHIBITED FORESTS IN THE HIMA MAWPHLANG
FOLKLORE CONNECTED WITH THE FORESTS
TREES AND PLANTS OF THE SACRED GROVE
SACRED FOREST AND OTHER RESTRICTED FORESTS

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The Hima Mawphlang has 14 (fourteen) Shnong each with a Rangbah shnong duly authorised to administer. The Shnongs are : (1) Mawngap rim, (2) Mawngap dukan, (3) Mawngap Mawsmai,(4) Mawphlang Nongrum, (5) Mawphlang Mawkohmon, (6) Mawphlang dong Mission, (8) Lyngkien, (9) Mawmyrsiang (10) Ur-ur, (11) Wahrahaw, (12) Tanglew, (13) Kyiem, (14) Umtyrniut. There are colonies outside the territorial jurisdiction of the Hima and they are (1) Laitmawpen with an approx. area of 2 sq.km and (2) Jathang - area approx. 8 sqkm.

Hima Mawphlang is situated in the North-West of the state Capital, Shillong which is 22km. away. 

    The P.W.D. road which goes to the adjoining villages of Balat up to the Bangladesh border and branches off at MawphlangThe other PWD road which goes to the far flung villages of Mawshynrut up to the East Garo Hills branches off at Mawngap, a very busy village. In fact Mawphlang and Mawngap are the nerve centres to the South and Western parts of Meghalaya. There is a bridle path constructed by David Scott, the sworn enemy of Khasi Patriot amd Martyr, U Trrot Sing at the terminus near u Lum Ryngkew  Mawiong, and adjacent to the Sacred Grove which meets at Lad Mawphlang on the Shillong - Sohra (Cherrapunjee) PWD road which again criss-cross  its path through Laityra Byrong and other villages in the border up to Sylhet (Bangladesh).  According to the census in 2000 conducted by the Hima, it has a population of about 7000 according to the Lyngdoh and Myntri statement on 17-07-01.

In the Hima Mawphlang, there are three high schools, an Upper Primary School an L. P. School in every Shnong (Village). Although the Hima Mawphlang is under-developed, it has surprisingly quite a good number of educated and highly educated inhabitants. There is an old market at Mawngap which is held twice a week, on in every fourth day of eight days a week according to the Khasi Almanak (Calender). Fleets of buses and taxis run to and from Mawngap to Shillong every five minutes for commuters.

The most important commercial activity of the people is trading either locally or outside the Hima. There are quite a good number of contractors, but other pursuits are to be found in agriculture with crops like potato, maize and in other agricultural activities. Hima Mawphlang is important as it has the main source of a water supply network of Shillong city in its Greater Shillong Water Supply Scheme through Wah Umiam river. 

 

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